Maria Montessori (Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori) was an Italian educationist and a physician. She was born on 31st August 1870 in Italy. She was best known for the philosophy of education. After completing her graduation she continued with her research at the university psychiatric clinic in 1896. Then she moved to Rome where she observed the mental disabilities of children and she applied Itard’s ideas to the everyday education to the mental disabilities of children. Her educational methods are applied now a day’s education system throughout the world.